Translation: The motif moves horizontally, vertically, or diagonally, without changing orientation. In the examples below, the motif is a square with lines drawn through it; "T" indicates the top of the motif. The arrows indicate movement of the motif.
Rotation: The motif moves around a center of rotation, or rotocenter, along its sides or at its corners. In the examples below, the motif rotates 180 degrees at rotocenters (indicated by circles) along its sides, then rotates 90 degrees at a rotocenter (indicated by a circle) at its corners.
Reflection: The motif reflects horizontally or vertically along a mirror line. In the examples below, the dotted lines indicate a mirror; "M" indicates a mirror-image motif.